The most common type of cancercutaneous pathology is the basal cell on the face, which is a basal cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma. The tumor originates in the germ epithelial layer. The most characteristic signs for a basiomy are slow growth and very rare metastasis. Most oncologists prefer to attribute such a tumor process to a half-malignant neoplasm.
The basal cell carcinoma differs in itspersistent recurrent course. Quite often there is an invasion of almost all skin layers, including the deepest ones. This process can cause cosmetic functional defects on the skin surface. Diseases are exposed to people of different ages, however, according to statistics, every fourth person before and after 50 years who is sensitive to sun exposure and has light skin is at risk.
Factors that can provoke the development of basal cell on the face include:
Basal cell carcinoma originates in the deep layer of the skin. After this begins its gradual germination to the superficial areas of the skin.
Basalioma (photo below) can manifest itself in several clinical forms:
Classification of pathology by stages is basedon the characteristics manifested in the clinical picture, such as the area of the lesion, the depth of germination, signs of destruction, and others. In accordance with these characteristics, it is common to distinguish four stages of basal cell carcinoma:
A characteristic feature of the tumor is itslocation in different areas of the neck and face. It is localized on the skin of the nose, which is also not uncommon. At the beginning, the tumor manifests itself in the form of small and painless nodules, in color coinciding with the skin. Most often they appear on the forehead or in nasolabial folds and resemble ordinary acne.
At the initial stage of basal cell looks likesmall pearly nodular formation. After a while it starts to get wet, and on the surface begins to form a crust, through which you can distinguish the ulcerated surface.
Pain and discomfort are absent. Such nodules can appear in whole groups and then merge into one. As a result, an angiogenic plaque having a lobed surface is formed. That's what a basal cell is.
A characteristic feature is on the surface of the plaquethere are telangiectatic signs, that is, the divorces formed by small capillaries. After a while, along the perimeter of the formation, a bubble edging is formed, which then becomes a dense structure. It is such a roller is a characteristic difference of basal cell carcinoma. If you try to stretch the skin at the site of the tumor, you will clearly see the ring of inflammation, which has a red color.
The disintegration of tissues on the surface of the tumor provokeserosive or ulcerative process. If you remove the crust covering the ulcer, under it a depression in the form of a crater or uneven bottom is exposed. Such tumors can be partially scarred, covered with crusts, but, despite this, continue to grow slowly, without causing any uncomfortable sensations.
Slow growth can detect the disease in 80% of patients. At the same time, if the disease is detected in a timely manner, then the predictions are very favorable: in 98% of cases the disease can be completely cured.
Treatment of basal cell on the face with folk remedies is applied, but only at the initial stage and in combination with other methods.
The late period of carcinoma is characterized bysprouting it into deep layers of the skin, as a result of which a depression is formed in the form of a crater. The structure of ulceration becomes dense and ceases to shift to the side when viewed. The bottom of the wound becomes fat and shine, the ulcer itself is surrounded by distinctly visible capillaries.
As we have already mentioned, basal cell carcinomadevelops over a long period and is characterized by growth in depth, rather than by area. In this regard, after the treatment of basal lymphomas in the late stages, a very visible cosmetic defect remains in patients, which in the subsequent is difficult to correct.
In many patients, carcinoma is recurrent.
A long process of tumor development provokesits penetration deep into the body, as a result of which soft tissues, bones and cartilages are damaged and destroyed. Cell growth of the neoplasm occurs along the nerve fibers, inside the layers of tissues and over the surface of the periosteum.
If the basal cell carcinoma is not removed in a timely manner, the destruction will affect not only the tissue structures.
Basalioma is able to disfigure and deformnose and ears as a result of destruction of bone and cartilaginous tissue. The course of the disease can be aggravated by a purulent process, to which various infections can be attached. In addition, it is possible:
A special danger is the implantation of a tumor into the skull, which occurs through natural cavities and openings.
In such cases, inevitablelesions of the brain and subsequent death of the patient. Despite the fact that basal cell is considered to be a nonmetastatic tumor, there are about two hundred described cases of the fact that she still gave metastases.
Consider how the basal cell treatment is performed on the face.
Treatment methods include:
What is the use of ointment from basal cell skin?
At the initial stage or with the recurrence of pathology, the following ointments can be used:
Contraindications to surgery - a complex background pathology, old age, inability to use anesthesia:
The mechanism of action of the latter method is as follows: tumor cells accumulate a photosensitizer, as a result of exposure to it by a laser, it provokes the development of necrosis of basal cell carcinoma tissues. Cancer cells die without causing damage to connective tissues. This method in modern medicine is the most popular and widespread. It is often used in the removal of both primary tumors and recurrent, especially those located on the skin of the face.
Despite the recurring nature of this speciestumor, the prognosis is most often favorable. Achieve a positive result is possible in 80% of cases. If the neoplasm has a local and not neglected form, then timely diagnosis and the beginning of therapy can cure it completely.
We examined in this article what is a basal cell.