Inflammatory process in the periosteum hasa medical diagnosis of periostitis of the lower jaw. The code for ICD 10 has the values K10.22 and K10.23. In the first case, the inflammation is of the initial form, the second digit denotes the chronic type of the disease.
According to the ICD, 10 periostitis of the lower jaw is subdividedinto two subgroups, but the practical forms of development of the inflammatory process have much more states. Thus, subclasses are distinguished according to the source of tumor development, the stage of development, the type of complications.
The oral cavity is always affected by harmful microorganisms. They get there for the following reasons:
Often the inflammation passes to the cheek area orother skull tissues. Imagine a typical periostitis of the lower jaw, the photo indicates a large lesion. The name of the disease describes the mechanism of spreading the infection through healthy cells - flux means a leak.
Periostitis of lower jaw is less dangerous thanthe upper one. However, do not neglect medical help in developing primary symptoms. The flux is able to rapidly spread through the internal tissues of the gums and cause swelling of the cheeks. Moreover, the whole process of tumor formation of the periosteum can pass asymptomatically.
Ordinary dental caries leads to sadcomplications. Bacterial environment diverges throughout the body, causing inflammation of the respiratory tract, lungs, bronchi. Severe neglected cases lead to pathological changes in the body. So, an inconspicuous speck on the enamel becomes a surgeon's problem.
The initial stages of the flux can be prevented by periodically visiting the dentist, but many people neglect the prevention of periostitis.
The development of the tumor of the periosteum is affected by 2 factors:
Penetration through healthy mucous membranes rarelyperhaps, but if the immunity is weakened, the bacteria immediately linger on the mucosa. The lack of hygiene of the teeth promotes the reproduction of microorganisms in the mouth. With the first internal infection, tissue infection immediately occurs.
Internal infection is more common in juvenileschildren, when the body is weakened by the attack of unknown infections. With age, immunity grows stronger and not every bacterium can overcome the protective threshold. However, a person intentionally spoils his health, not suspecting what consequences he is expected. There are provocative factors:
Also, a decrease in the tone of the body contributes to the rapid growth of bacteria. There is a purulent periostitis of the lower jaw, capable of capturing extensive parts of the facial region.
The main factor of flux development is thethe lack of timely destruction of bacteria, multiplying on the teeth. People who observe mouth hygiene, use mouthwash and periodically visit the dentist, will never get a periostitis of the lower jaw. Symptoms of flux always have unpleasant consequences, it is better to prevent it than to deal with a massive attack of harmful microorganisms.
A confluence of circumstances can provokeavalanche-like growth of bacteria. The immune response contributes to the inflow of fluid to the site of inflammation, creating large swelling of the tissues. Such complications become possible under the influence of the following reasons:
The flux is subdivided by the types of inflammation, the form of the tumor, and the time of formation. This information is necessary for choosing the right treatment. Here are possible conditions of the disease:
With palpation, one can often find only acute periostitis of the lower jaw. Symptoms of chronic inflammation are described by the following conditions:
All acute stages of the development of the disease are accompanied by an increase in lymph nodes.
Any acute purulent periostitis of the lower jawflows with visible symptoms. It becomes the result of complications after the inflamed periodontitis. This condition is characterized by the following symptoms: severe swelling of the cheek and gums, pain during chewing food. There is a decrease in well-being. Forms of the face often change, but the color of the skin remains the same.
Symptom of inflammation always becomes thickeninglymph nodes in the area of the appearance of periostitis. The triggered stages are described by irreplaceable conditions for the roots of the affected tooth. It must be removed during treatment. But often the affected area is treated with antibacterial solutions.
Multi-root teeth do not respond to dentalmethods of therapy. If they are not removed, then with further development of inflammation, lymphadenitis can form. On the channels of the lymphatic system, the bacterial environment will spread throughout the body, which will lead to a deterioration of well-being.
The problem of tooth decay often remains withoutattention due to lack of time, funds or simply in the absence of a clinic nearby. Negligent attitude to your body leads to bacterial inflammation. Chronic periostitis of the lower jaw develops asymptomatically, it can be detected only in the dental office.
The recurring form arises under the condition thathad already had a periostitis with an abscess. As a result of treatment or lack thereof, a repeated development of the bacterial environment occurs. Thus, the periostitis of the lower jaw is formed after tooth extraction, if the cavity has not been thoroughly cleaned.
The initial stages of the development of the disease are invisible torights. Slow development of inflammation allows bacteria to gain a foothold in the tissues of the gums. The first symptoms of periostitis can be detected by discomfort in the oral cavity. The tongue notices a small compaction of the tissues under the teeth.
The next stage of development is accompanied by the emergence ofpain when chewing food. Then reddening is formed in the area of the roots of the teeth. The gums become inflamed, which leads to an increase in swelling. Symmetry of the face is disturbed, it can be noticed with the naked eye.
With further development of edema, become inflamedsurrounding tissues. Redness is noticeable in the cheek area. If long-term treatment is absent, ulcers form. After a while they are opened. Bleeding, mixed with a bacterial environment, is a danger to the internal systems of the body.
The centers of an inflammation become the reason of infectionlymph that passes through the entire body. Running stages of periostitis can lead to a massive loss of teeth, so at the first symptoms of soreness, visit a dentist.
Disease periodontitis almost alwaysleads to a diagnosis: periostitis of the lower jaw. Treatment is carried out immediately in the dentist's office. For any type of therapy, local anesthesia is used. Suppurative purulent foci of periostitis result in the removal of multifaceted teeth, and the residual cavity is thoroughly washed with solutions. Incorrect treatment leads to a re-inflammation of the periosteum.
With periostitis of the periosteum of a single root rootoften do without removal, swollen tissues are opened and the canal is cleaned with a solution. Timely therapy will help keep the canine fang. In the period of tissue repair, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial drugs are prescribed.
With severe soreness, it is permissible to useanesthetic local compresses. Widely used therapeutic methods for the destruction of the bacterial environment. These include ultraviolet radiation, laser and phototherapy.
Periodic examination at the dentist helpsavoid not only inflammatory conditions, but also maintains healthy teeth. Treatment takes a little time, but a beautiful smile can be saved until old age. To maintain the body requires compliance with hygiene rules, diet, as well as monitor the development of chronic diseases.
To combat bacteria, the body needsto support with vitamins, to use a liquid for rinsing of an oral cavity. With infectious diseases, treat wounds in the mouth with special antiseptics. The teeth are adversely affected by sweet: caramels, chocolates and other confectionery.
People who dodangerous sports. Due to the periodic traumatism of the jaw, the body acquires a predisposition to the development of flux. The started stages of the inflammatory process lead to the formation of a course for accumulated pus. The condition of the abscess is eliminated long and painfully. It is better to prevent the disease than to deal with unpleasant complications.