The World Health Organization beatsanxiety because of the high speed of the spread of the human immunodeficiency virus, which affects people in all countries of the world. The syndrome of acquired immunodeficiency is considered a real plague of the 21st century, because it has not been possible to find the treatment so far.
The virus of immunodeficiency is transmitted from person to person.person, but you can get infected not only from the really sick person, but also from the latent carrier of infection. Regular delivery of HIV tests can protect if not already infected person, the people around him who may not be aware of the danger that may threaten their health.
How is it transmitted
The most common way of transmission of infection -sexual contact, which occurs without barrier means of contraception. The second most frequent way is through the blood, for example, if there are violations of safety measures with blood transfusion or when using only needles for injections, dental instruments, surgical means. To pass the virus can even a minimal amount of blood, invisible to the naked eye. Also, quite often, infection occurs from a sick mother to an unborn baby. That's why a blood test for HIV should be done for preventive purposes, because sometimes a person may not even suspect that he has become infected.
Why do I need to take an analysis
Despite the fact that completely cure the syndromeimmunodeficiency is impossible, a blood test for HIV will allow to identify the virus in time and start supporting therapy, which can significantly improve the patient's quality of life and increase its duration. There are also experimental methods for treating AIDS, but for most people they are often inaccessible because of the high cost of the drugs.
The condition of the patient is often complicatedoncological diseases and secondary infections, so he needs constant medical supervision. As the immune system turns off, even a common runny nose can kill a person, so an AIDS patient should be extremely cautious. It is also necessary to regularly give a general blood test for HIV, which will help monitor the operation of the bone marrow and control the rate of destruction of immunity.
When and how to take the analysis
Since the immunodeficiency viruslong-term incubation period, it is necessary to take the analysis 3 months after unprotected intercourse with a non-regular partner, and if the partner is permanent, then every six months it is necessary to repeat the analysis for preventive purposes. The blood test for HIV is mandatory when planning pregnancy or when registering with a woman's consultation and pre-operative training. It is also desirable to pass the test if there was a risk of infection due to the use of non-sterile injection needles or other tools.
Where can I test myself for HIV?
A routine blood test for HIV can be conducted inmanipulation cabinet at polyclinics and hospitals, blood sampling is performed on an empty stomach, blood is taken from the ulnar vein. In addition, anyone can apply to the regional AIDS center, where in the shortest time they will conduct the necessary analysis. If desired, this analysis can be carried out anonymously, the results become known within a maximum of 10 days. If they are indistinct, you may have to retake the analysis, but you should not worry in advance.
In the event that the result of the analysis ispositive, the patient should apply to specialists in the AIDS Center, who will select the appropriate therapy for him and provide the necessary drugs. Even the diagnosis of the immunodeficiency syndrome does not end life, even with the virus you can live long happy years.