To all children from time to time pediatricians recommend to pass urine analysis, because the data obtained during decoding, can tell about many diseases that are in the human body.
In order to obtain the correct analysis,it is necessary to collect urine correctly. How to do it? First, we need a morning biomaterial, but we need to take the average portion better. Also, it is better to wash the child out beforehand so that unnecessary bacteria do not enter the jar. If the child is very small, you need to buy a special mochebnik, which is designed separately for girls and boys. If the baby is more adult, he should be asked to pee in a clean jar. Important: a general analysis of the urine (decoding) of the child can be carried out, even if not too much collected biomaterial. Absolutely no need to take a full jar of urine, from this the results will not change.
So, the parents on hand found theresults. But here's how to decipher them, if before meeting with the attending physician is still far away? It should be understood that in children and adults, indicators will be calculated identically, but their rates may vary. It is in this now and we will understand.
If a ready urine sample is obtained,children in the first place will occur on such indicators as color and transparency. Normal color - straw-yellow biomaterial. However, after using some products, it can change. For example, after consuming beets urine may become red and even burgundy, this should not be frightened. However, it is bad if it is of a dark color - this may indicate that the child has kidney problems. Also good is the urine is transparent. If it is cloudy, this may indicate the presence of salts in the biomaterial, and also that an infectious process is taking place in the body.
So, the analysis of urine is handed over. The interpretation of the children's results is illustrated by some figures. So, for example, you need to calculate the specific gravity of urine. If for an adult this rate varies within the limits of 1008-1025, then the children are all somewhat more complicated. These indicators change with age, it is also important to consider. With the years the density will increase. So, for example, up to two years it will be the numbers 1.002-1.004; to three years - a little higher - to 1.017; to five - even more - 1,012-1,020. If the indicators below the norm - the problem with the kidneys, if higher - in the biomaterial, there is glucose or protein.
We understand further. Urinalysis: decoding in children by other indicators. So, the erythrocyte norm is 0-1, the leukocyte count is 0-2. If the numbers are exceeded, it can be cystitis or pyelonephritis. As for protein and glucose, they should not be present in the biomaterial at all, because the kidney filter simply does not miss them. What else can the urinalysis show? Decoding (the norm in the form is given) indicates that salts and bacteria should also not be found in urine. There are also ketone bodies in the urine of a healthy baby. They can appear, if the child is hungry, his body is dehydrated or the baby is sick with diabetes, i.e., the metabolism in the body is disturbed.
What in general should "tell" the analysis of urine(decoding)? Children (however, as well as adults) draw conclusions on three main indicators: the water content, the presence of sugar and the acidity of the biomaterial under study.