Androgens are specific hormones that respondfor the work of the genitals in the male body. It is these substances that determine the timbre of the voice and the appearance of the representative of the stronger sex. However, in connection with a number of factors, androgens can also accumulate in the female body. At the same time, the effect from them for girls and women can be extremely unflattering. If the number of male hormones in the female body is off scale, you have to take special anti-androgenic drugs and funds.
Androgens are responsible for the normal functioning of sexualbodies. In addition, these substances contribute to the strengthening of bone tissue, and are also responsible for the production of other hormones. It is the androgens that control the normal functioning of the sebaceous glands. It is no accident that hormones and antiandrogenic drugs are used to treat acne and severe acne. If the amount of sex hormones in the female body is normal, the menstrual cycle is not disturbed. If you have any problems with the genitourinary system in women, the gynecologist performs tests to make sure there are no hormonal failures.
Most visitors to cosmetologyoffices are women with a high content of male sex hormone. First of all, the functions of the sebaceous glands are disrupted. Girls already in adolescence begin to suffer a serious form of acne. In women after 30 years, the hair on the face begins to grow strongly. Many make the mistake of removing unwanted hair by mechanical means. And in fact it is necessary to take antiandrogenic preparations for women. In most cases, the hair appears above the upper lip. Less often they can be observed on the chin, hips, back and stomach.
Antiandrogenic drugs for women can beappointed with a violation of the normal functioning of the adrenal glands. In addition, patients can be increased thyroid and ovaries. Treatment should be comprehensive and can only take place under the supervision of a physician.
Regardless of why it's increasedthe number of androgens in the body of a woman, in most cases, special suppressive drugs are used. Drugs can be taken alone or included in complex therapy. Medications control the production of male hormones, and also do not give them the opportunity to influence internal organs.
All synthetic or plant anti-androgensare divided into steroid and non-steroid. The latter contribute to the reduction of male hormones, affecting the pituitary gland of the brain. Therefore, the reception of such drugs should be done only under the supervision of a specialist. It is not recommended to cancel therapy abruptly. The dosage of antiandrogenic medicines gradually decreases only when the doctor sees a positive dynamics. Below, the most popular drugs with antiandrogenic effect will be presented.
A popular anti-androgenic drug producedin the form of tablets and powder for injection. The main active ingredient is cyproterone acetate. Additionally, the composition of the medicament includes corn starch, silicon dioxide colloid, lactose monohydrate, as well as magnesium stearate. The most commonly prescribed medication is in the form of tablets. The drug is suitable in cases where increasing the male hormone leads to such consequences as severe form of acne or seborrhea, hair loss in women. Treatment (antiandrogens) in such cases is selected very carefully. After all, these drugs have a lot of contraindications.
Choosing antiandrogenic drugs and drugs,The descriptions and instructions should be studied first. Special attention should be given to contraindications. Contraindicated drug "Androkur" with liver disease. If there were previously tumors in this area, but were removed, the medicine should be taken with caution. No Androkur tablets are prescribed for patients with jaundice, Rotor syndrome, diabetes mellitus and chronic alcoholism. Use the product for lactating and pregnant women categorically prohibited.
During the use of the medicinal productthere are often side effects that are reversible. They manifest themselves in the form of a sharp change in mood, depression, tearfulness, fatigue and apathy. When these symptoms occur, the drug continues. But if there is an increased sensitivity to the active substance, the medication "Androkur" should be canceled.
The drug belongs to the groupnonsteroidal and has antitumor activity. The drug is available in the form of tablets. The main active ingredient is bicalutamide. In addition, the composition of the medicament includes potato starch, lactose, silicon dioxide colloid, as well as magnesium stearate. The drug is most often used to treat endometriosis, as well as disorders in the female genitourinary system. The drug has a lot of contraindications. Therefore, it should be taken strictly under the supervision of a specialist.
Do not prescribe tablets "Byzanne" whenbleeding, severe liver damage, malignant tumors that are hormonal in nature. Contraindication is a deficiency of lactose, diabetes, as well as chronic alcohol dependence. Androgens and antiandrogens are not taken during pregnancy. Do not prescribe drugs from this group also to under-age patients.
For the treatment to yield good results, veryit is important to observe the correct dosage. Tablets are taken once a day. It is desirable that the reception occurs daily at the same time. The course of treatment should in no case be interrupted. Most often tablets "Byzanne" are appointed for at least 6 months. The decision to continue therapy can only be taken by a doctor.
Oral contraceptive, which refers togroup of antiandrogenic drugs. The main active ingredient is desogestrel. Additionally, the composition of the medicament includes lactose monohydrate, potato starch, silicon dioxide colloid, as well as stearic acid. In most cases, Marvelone tablets are used to protect against unwanted pregnancy. Quite often anti-androgen contraceptive pills can also be used to solve cosmetological problems, such as increased amount of facial hair and severe acne. In this case, the Marvelone tablets are included only in the complex therapy.
Receiving tablets is designed for 28-daymenstrual cycle. Starting from the 7th day, a girl needs to take one tablet a day for three weeks. Then a break for 7 days is done. During this period, menstrual bleeding should pass.
Another popular contraceptive withantiandrogenic effect. Like many other vegetable antiandrogens, the "Janine" remedy is available in the form of a dragee. The medicine was created on the basis of dienogest. Additionally, lactose monohydrate, gelatin, magnesium stearate, and also potato starch are used. Dragee "Janine" is primarily used as a protection against unwanted pregnancy. In addition, the product helps to solve skin problems caused by high blood levels of male sex hormones. If there are irregularities in the menstrual cycle, the medication can also be prescribed.
With caution should take antiandrogenicpreparations. Modern acne therapy in women is carried out only under the supervision of a specialist. This is due to the fact that contraceptives with anti-androgenic effect have many contraindications. First of all, it is the presence of thromboses, diabetes, serious liver disease, vaginal bleeding of incomprehensible origin. Do not prescribe the pills "Zhanin" during pregnancy and lactation. Components can cause serious impairment of the fetus. Before the gynecologist appoints the drug to a woman, he will ask her to take a pregnancy test.
A good oral contraceptive that is successfulAndrogen-dependent skin syndrome in women. The main active substance is Gestodene. The drug is available in the form of tablets and tablets. The remedy can be used not only for contraceptive purposes. It successfully eliminates the symptoms of increased content of the male hormone in the female body. Tablets "Logest" are prescribed for the treatment of acne, as well as violations of the menstrual cycle.
Contraindication to the use of medicinalthe drug is thrombophlebitis, diabetes mellitus, the incomprehensible origin of bleeding from the vagina, migraine of a neurological nature, liver failure. Do not prescribe the drug "Logest" to girls under 15 years, as well as women during pregnancy and lactation. In very rare cases, the remedy can be prescribed to patients who entered the menopause period.
This antiandrogenic drug is most oftenUsed to treat severe forms of acne. The active substance is a magnesium-saving diuretic, which controls the work of the sebaceous glands. The medication is available in the form of tablets. It can also be used in the second half of pregnancy, if there are severe swelling of the extremities. The drug "Spinorolactone" is shown for women with menstrual disorders, as well as polycystic ovaries.
Tablets can not be administered"Spinorolactone" for women with diabetes, renal and hepatic insufficiency. In the first trimester of pregnancy, medication is also contraindicated. With caution should take the drug to patients with thrombophlebitis, as well as chronic alcoholism. In any case, the treatment should be under the supervision of a doctor. It is very important to comply with the dosage. Treatment can last for 2-3 weeks. It should take one tablet 3 times a day. Dosage and duration of treatment can be adjusted only by a doctor.
Despite the fact that drugs withanti-androgenic effect is usually a high price, feedback on them can be heard only the most positive. Especially a lot of good words can be heard from girls with a serious form of acne. In just a few courses you can stop the inflammatory process and normalize the work of the sebaceous glands. The most commonly used for these purposes are contraceptive antiandrogenic drugs for women. Prices for them range from 700 to 2000 rubles. The cost is really not so small. But positive feedback speaks for itself.
Choose an antiandrogenic remedy, relying only on the positive experience of friends and relatives, in no case should not. Any medicine can be prescribed only by a doctor.