Who is an oncologist: description, responsibilities and functions

In the world there is a huge number of diseases,each of which is treated by the appropriate doctor. Now it is difficult to understand the narrow medical specialization, because in addition to such concepts as "dentist", "gynecologist", "oculist", most people do not represent what this or that doctor is engaged in, for example, many people have a question about who an oncologist is and what is his medical activity, what diseases he can cure.

who is an oncologist

Oncology as one of medical directions

"What does the oncologist do?" You ask. The work of such a doctor is in the diagnosis and treatment of tumors of any kind and at any stage of development. In other words, the oncologist is a specialist in the field of precancerous and cancerous conditions.

In addition to doctors who carry out directreception of patients, there are doctors who are researching oncology as a science. These people are studying the causes and mechanisms that produce tumors, both benign and malignant. In addition, the practice of scientific doctors includes the development of various methods and tactics of treatment, as well as the development of ways to prevent such diseases.

child oncologist

Malignant and benign tumors - what is it?

If you want to know who an oncologist is, then whenthe answer to the question should first be learned about malignant and benign tumors, because these are direct objects of treatment of this specialist.

  1. Malignant tumors are activedevelopment, and on a par with the rapid destruction of nearby organs and tissues. This type of tumors is dangerous not only for rapid development, but also for creating barriers for the work of vital organs, which, as a result, causes intolerable pains, and later death.
  2. Unlike the above-mentioned species,benign tumors do not have the ability to develop and affect nearby organs. Despite this, it is necessary to establish careful monitoring of cancer cells, because they have the ability to regenerate and begin active reproduction.

Reception of an oncologist is carried out in any city, and as the diagnosis of the organism does not take much time, you should not delay with a visit to the doctor.

oncologist reviews

Areas of Oncology

If you ask what diseases the oncologist deals with, it is necessary to clarify the numerous directions of oncology and specialists practicing in this or that branch when answering:

  • Mammologist is a female doctor who is engaged in diagnostics, treatment, prevention of diseases of the mammary glands.
  • Oncodermatologist - based on the name, it is not difficult to guess that a specialist of this profile is engaged in the treatment of skin tumors.
  • The thoracic oncologist belongs to the surgicalprofile and deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of several human organs: tumors of the trachea, esophagus, diaphragm, stomach, lungs and so on. As practice shows, most often the thoracic oncologist deals with the treatment of lung cancer.
  • Oncogynecologist - the specialized direction of treatment of this specialist is the organs of the reproductive system.
  • Oncologist-coloproctology - is involved in treatment in the event that the tumor was diagnosed in the anus or in one of the parts of the large intestine.
  • Oncologist-gastroenterologist - is engaged in the treatment of cancer tumors developing either close to, or on the digestive organs.

reception of an oncologist

List of diseases that the oncologist treats

The best oncologists of the country most often face the following types of diseases:

  • leukemia;
  • melanoma of the skin;
  • lymphogranulomatosis;
  • myeloma;
  • uterine myoma;
  • neuroendocrine tumors and so on.

best oncologists

The list of diseases is not exhaustive. The above mentioned types of diseases are also handled by a children's oncologist who diagnoses cancers in children of a small age.

When it's time to go to an oncologist

As a rule, on reception to the oncologist get onthe direction of other specialists who are suspected of having this or that type of tumor. The following can contribute to the profile direction:

  1. Cracks and ulcers in the area of ​​the skin, lips, uterus, which for a long time do not heal, despite their long treatment.
  2. Abundant mucus, pus is a signal of cancerous tumors in the event that there are no other reasons for their appearance.
  3. Change in the color of pigment spots, appearance of a red arc around them, increase in size, as well as other changes (began to itch).
  4. Swallowing food is accompanied by pain, with the passage of time becomes more difficult.
  5. Presence of paroxysmal cough without any apparent cause.
  6. Constipation, diarrhea, other digestive disorders of the stomach in the absence of causes.
  7. Regular increases in body temperature without cause.
  8. Rapid weight loss is more than 15 percent of the total body weight in a few months.
  9. Prolonged pain in the bones, in the region of the spine without any reasons contributing to this (strikes).
  10. Education of unknown origin in the chest, breast glands.

chief oncologist

The order of admission by an oncologist

"Who is an oncologist and how is the first reception?" - the main question of those whom the profile doctor sent to the diagnostic center.

When you first visit, you must takewith an outpatient card, where there are all medical records, the results of the examination, as well as the conclusion of a doctor who issued a referral for the diagnosis of cancer. The oncologist is necessarily interested in the presence of diseases on the hereditary line, so before taking it is better to study the genealogical tree and the history of serious diseases of this type in blood relatives.

After a short interview, the doctor appoints allthe necessary diagnostic measures to determine the size of the tumor, the extent of its spread, the location and localization. As the results of the analysis come on, the oncologist develops and prescribes a course of treatment.

what does the oncologist do?

Types of examinations appointed by a doctor

As a rule, a doctor, including a children's oncologist, appoints the following types of examination:

  • X-ray;
  • blood test;
  • Ultrasound of internal organs;
  • computed tomography;
  • MRI;
  • analysis for oncomarkers;
  • biopsy;
  • cytological examination;
  • puncture.

Who and when it is necessary to undergo a preventive examination

Having received an answer to the question of who is an oncologist,you probably want to know about who and when it is necessary to be examined by this specialist? It is important to note that visiting an oncologist is necessary not only in case of detection of cancer or the occurrence of pain of unknown origin, but also as prevention. The earlier a doctor performs an examination, the higher the probability of getting rid of possible diseases. To appear to a specialist immediately is necessary in the following cases:

  1. Persons who have reached the age of 45. Especially this paragraph concerns nulliparous women after 40 years - such categories of persons need to undergo a preventive examination at least once a year.
  2. If such severe diagnoses as liver cirrhosis, mastopathy, intestinal polyposis are put.
  3. Presence of oncological diseases on a related line.
  4. It is important to regularly see a specialist if you have been transferred to an operation to remove a cancer tumor in order to prevent and monitor the development of cells.
  5. Work on production with an increased level of pollution: dust, gas, radiation and so on.
  6. Smoking and frequent visits to the solarium are also a reason for visiting an oncologist.

If one of the above items has appeared in your life, it is necessary to immediately take a referral from the therapist and go to a diagnostic center in the oncology center.

If your dream is to become an oncologist

A difficult medical profession is an oncologist. Reviews of such specialists are very diverse: from confidingly positive to negatively negative. If you decided to devote your life to the treatment of seriously ill people, you must remember the enormous responsibility that lies on the shoulders of each specialist.

Oncology is considered to be one of the mostcomplex medical specializations requiring from the doctor not only the lion's share of theoretical knowledge and practical experience, but also a high level of concentration, mindfulness, responsibility, determination. In addition, the chief oncologist besides the above has such qualities as compassion, a good memory and the desire to help people.

Every qualified specialist must necessarily monitor their health, because the loss of hearing or sight leads to the further disability of the oncologist.

Qualification of a specialist in this medicaldirection is increased throughout the course of therapeutic activity. This means that a good doctor should have not only a medical education, but also a quality postgraduate training. As a rule, after obtaining a general higher education, oncologists study for about 3 years in residency.

In any case, whatever the path to the dream,diligence, patience, work, diligence, as well as work on one's own qualities will bring to the cherished goal, namely, the healing of people who so need help and rescue from a horrific disease.

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