In everyday life, people regularlyis at risk of getting sick with ailments that bring discomfort and a lot of inconvenience. Among them, of course, is the loss of smell. It would seem that this is not the most global health problem. However, people who have experienced it on their own have an entirely opposite view on this matter.
Of course, many people who have lostsense of smell, start to panic. This behavior is easy to explain: who likes to not feel the scents of flowering plants, smells coming from the kitchen during the preparation of lunch, or feel that the food does not have any taste.
Whatever one may say, but when the sense of smell is gone, life becomes darker. Let's try to understand why a person is exposed to such a risk and how he can be helped in solving the problem.
There are two pathological conditions in which a person's sense of smell is lost.
In the first case (hyposmia) it is a partialloss of smell caused by catarrhal diseases, inflammatory processes that develop on mucous membranes, polyps and other health disorders.
The second variation of loss of smell (anosmia) hasa place where a person completely loses the ability to smell. The causes of this pathology may be congenital diseases and craniocerebral trauma. Methods of treatment of loss of sensation of nasal receptors in any given situation are individual and without the qualified help of the doctor here not to manage. That is why, if you have a sense of smell, do not self-medicate, and go to the reception to a specialist.
There is a huge number of factors, due to which a person loses the ability to smell.
Consider the most common of them.
Of course, as soon as we lost the sense of smell andtaste, this is a clear sign that we are sick with colds. At this time, inflammatory processes in the nasopharynx are activated, the cause of which is a common cold. Against this background there is a blockage of the nasal passages and swelling of the mucosa. All this leads to the fact that the olfactory receptors cease to fulfill their function. In ARVI, the situation is complicated by the fact that some parts of the "sensitive" epithelium are destroyed. If you have no sense of smell after the flu, immediately consult a doctor who can prescribe the right treatment for you.
In some cases, a person ceases to smell due to low air humidity.
This leads to the expansion of the blood vessels of the sinuses and the development of rhinitis. In parallel with this, the nasal passages narrow, the movement of air becomes more difficult.
Do you want to know why the sense of smell is missing? It's all about the bad habit of smoking. When a person inhales tobacco smoke, a large number of irritating substances penetrate into the nasal cavity. Naturally, the body does its utmost to minimize receptor sensitivity. As a result, a person loses the ability to feel not only the smell of smoke, but also other flavors. Smokers should also remember that the "poisoning" effect of nicotine can provoke neuritis of the olfactory nerve.
If a person suffers from type 1 diabetes, the fats in his body disintegrate very quickly. All this contributes to the concentration of volatile compounds that are released through the lungs.
The diabetic begins to feel that in the exhaledcarbon dioxide is acetone. The situation is complicated by the fact that volatile compounds, irritating sensitive receptors of the nasal passages, cause them a certain dependence, as a result of which a person's ability to smell is reduced.
If it is a question of type 2 diabetes, there is a violation of blood flow in the zone of olfactory receptors, as a result, it can lead to their dying out.
Head injuries and infectious diseases affecting the nervous system can also be the reason that a person will lose the ability to smell.
The loss of smell may indicate that,that a person can develop brain cancer. The tumor can affect the zones responsible for the sense of smell. To timely identify the disease, you need to make an MRI procedure.
Among other causes of loss of sensitivity of nasal receptors may be allergic rhinitis, and curvature of the septum of the respiratory organ, and problems with the secretion of the nasal mucosa.
As already stressed, the ways of restoring the ability to smell are individual, their application depends on the specific nature of the cause that caused the pathology.
In particular, if a person has lost his sense of smell after a cold, he is "prescribed" a course of local and general antiviral therapy, in combination with anti-inflammatory antiallergenic drugs.
Of course, in most cases, whenthere is a need to solve the above problem, everyone rushes to the pharmacy to acquire vasoconstrictive drops. If the sense of smell is lost with a cold, then drugs such as "Naphthyzine" or "Nafazolin" will help. They reduce the level of pressure on the receptors, narrow the blood vessels and increase the lumen of the nasal cavity. However, they must be applied strictly according to the instructions.
If the sense of smell is lost due to allergicrhinitis, then antihistamines will help fix the situation, and in complicated forms - drugs containing corticosteroid hormones.
If the sensitivity of the receptors is lost because of the curvature of the nasal septum, then there can not be no surgical methods.
When receptor sensitivity is associated with cancer processes in the brain, then chemotherapy is used in combination with a surgical procedure.
To restore sense of smell it is possible and by means of methodstraditional medicine. Essential oils and inhalations based on plant components are considered to be particularly effective. In particular, you should use essential oil of basil. It is enough to drip a few drops on a napkin, which you then need to put on a pillow next to the patient.
You can prepare a decoction of the following ingredients: lemon juice (10 drops), lavender essential oil (3-4 drops), boiling water (200 ml). You should inhale the vapors of this mixture of each nostril for 5 minutes. The procedure should be done for 10 days with a frequency of once a day.