Every once in my life I had to worrythe moment when the soul is wounded or, conversely, when happiness overflows, and you want to write some verse, devote it to someone, or throw out the emotional experiences on paper. But it is not enough to experience one such moment, this must be lived. To write poetry, you need to feel wider than the rest, to think in your own way, not to rely on anything other than your feelings. However, if you do not observe the rhyme, then any eloquent masterpiece can at one point become a worthless scribble for people. Rhyme does not just need to feel, you need to know it. This article will tell you about such phenomena as the exact rhyme and its types.
First, let's see what a rhyme is. This is a consonance of vowels in one or more syllables of the endings of words. Since ancient times, it has become part of the poetic speech and has become practically its integral part.
The endings in verse are not only consonant withbut also emphasize the rhythmic ending of each line. This is the main difference between rhyme and ordinary sound repeats that do not fall under a certain rhythm in a constant sequence. It is set by the last consonant syllables in the lines - rhythmic meaning. It determines the motive, under which all lines of the verse should fall. Therefore, the "stick-herring", invented by Neznaika, is not a rhyme, since it contains only the similarity in the ending, and not in the stressed syllable. There are rhymes that are based not only on rhythmic meaning, but we will talk about what an exact rhyme is.
Rhymes are classified in many different types, but we will only consider the basic ones, so as not to hammer your head superfluous:
1. According to the position of the stressed syllable from the end of the line. They are divided into monosyllabic, disyllabic and so on, up to nine-syllable. The first part of the word indicates where exactly the stressed syllable is located, that is, monosyllabic - the last syllable, disyllabic - the penultimate, and so on. This classification has many other notations, for example, monosyllabic and disyllabic are called male and female respectively.
2. By the degree of wealth. Rich is the rhyme, in which the pre-syllable syllable matches. Such, of course, less, so because of the frequency of their use, they have become trivial and simple, and the words that form a rich rhyme themselves rotate in language.
3. By lexical signs. Classification follows lexical elements, for example:
4. By belonging to a part of speech.
5. By language.
6. By the degree of accuracy. This point interests us the most. Let's consider it in detail.
To find out what an exact rhyme is,It is necessary to understand what phonemes are. The phoneme is the minimal meaningful unit of language, that is, sound. To form a rhyme they must coincide on the following grounds:
For example, the phonemes B and P coincide in allfeatured, except the fifth. When a verse is written, it has a certain structure, similar to a matrix, where each element (phoneme) coincides with the same element, but next higher, at least for the first three characteristics. However, in an inaccurate rhyme, it is possible that only the endings of the lines coincide, the main thing is not to knock down the rhythm.
The exact rhyme is the one that is formed when all the phonemes coincide, that is, not only the vowels of the endings of the lines, but also the consonants that precede the striking syllable and within it.
Consonants, consonant with the ending, strengthencoloring the verse, making it more sonorous. The presence of them precisely determines the exact rhyme. For example, "their" and "two" at the end of the lines form an accurate rhyme, since the sounds coincide in all grounds. Coincidence of writing plays no role for rhyme, if the sound is different.
If you want to write something very sonorous, then to achieve an accurate rhyme you can use special dictionaries.
The dictionary of exact rhymes is a collection of all possibleprecise rhymes, matched to every possible word of the Russian language. It exists to simplify the process of writing poetry. If you know what an exact rhyme is, you should understand how difficult it is sometimes to observe it. Guided only by the dictionary, great success in writing poetry is not achieved, but it significantly speeds up the process of writing congratulations, songs, advertising slogans and works in other branches of art engaged in mass writing.
There are a lot of similar dictionaries, they are infree access. For example, Rhymes is the most popular and complete edition. In it, you can pick up a rhyme of any type, depending on the settings. Almost every word has an exact word. In Russian, most words, especially adjectives and verbs, rhyme very easily, since their endings are built according to the same rules. But many people take poems with rhymes from verbs and adjectives for mediocre mass rhymes only because they are simple in writing.
Rhyme is easy to follow in the works of the classicsRussian literature, they asked the beginning of the popularity of writing poems based on it. The most beautiful, thanks to them, is the exact rhyme. Examples from the literature can be taken from Pushkin or Yesenin. Let's start with Yesenin. Here is an excerpt from the work "Do not wander, do not crumple in the bushes of scarlet ...":
The endings "above" and "yashu" in the first stanza are idealcoincide not only in the stressed vowel in the syllable, but also in the consonant sound that accompanies them, they set the rhythm to the whole verse. This sound is called "accurate rhyme". In the literature it is used quite often, from which rhymes in different poems or from different poets often coincide.
Due to the fact that this Russian classic wrotea lot of works, rhyme in his poems are often repeated, and she can meet again not only in his creations, but also in many modern writers. This does not happen at the will of the author, but because the exact rhyme does not correspond to so many words, but to refrain from its beauty and from the temptation to build a verse exclusively on it is very difficult. So we have to use what already happened.
The exact rhyme is obtained by ending the "(in the first quatrain) and "ore" (in the second). In them, a consonant letter determines the sound, and the stressed vowels determine rhythm and rhyme. Due to the fact that all the letters in the ending coincide by the sound, here we get the exact rhyme. The examples clearly show that it is not easy to find a large number of words for such a rhyme. But repetitions do not spoil the sound of the verse and do not take away its beauty. Let us consider another example from Pushkin's works for fixing.
Syllables "you", "dash" and "dash" form an exact rhyme,Because they are completely identical in sound. Although the second pair differs in writing, in exact rhyme this fact plays no role. This difference can not change the sound in any way, so here, of course, is an accurate rhyme. Examples can be found almost from any author, as well as to meet similar rhymes. This is most noticeable in the omonic and punishing rhyme. But such a type is by definition accurate, and a beautiful syllable, as a rule, is not considered.
The main purpose of rhyme is the constructionregularities of poetic speech for a more comfortable and pleasant perception. She divides the verse into parts, gives an emotional coloring and allows to divide into semantic parts. At the same time, rhyme combines completely different parts of the verse with common intonation and sound, linking different moods of the poet, decorating it with new tones and allowing the listener to follow him. Even at an unconscious level, after hearing a rhyming line, we associate it with the previous one, which allows us to better understand the information, absorb the hue of speech and the meaning of the poem. In rhyme, the main thing is not the outline of the written, but the sound. That is quite reasonable to rhyme by ear, not letters.
Accurate rhyme is the most colorfula kind of rhyme. It is perceived by the listener best. Due to the rare occurrence of such words that exactly rhyme, it gradually becomes familiar and no longer causes the storm of emotions that caused when you first heard it. From this article you learned what rhythm types are, what an exact rhyme is, why it is needed and how to achieve it when writing poetry. But do not forget that one rhyme is not enough, poetry is an experience, they consist not only of words, but also of actions, feelings, which the author splashed on paper in emotional impulse.