One of the most outstanding writers of the twentiethcentury is rightfully considered Kaysyn Shuvaevich Kuliev. The biography of the Soviet writer from the very beginning had many dark spots and was filled with various events. The future poet Kaisyn Kuliev was born in the most disturbing time of the beginning of revolutions and vague reorganizations in the upper circles of power. It happened this honorable event on November 1, 1917 in the village of Verkhny Chegem.
Let's talk in more detail about this man. Nobody knew who Kaisyn Kuliev would become in the future. A short biography leads to many places where he had to get an education.
After school, the future poet went to Nalchik inpedagogical technical school. At this very time, he begins to write poetry. The thick notebooks filled with pages full of pages were filled with the masterpieces of the young poet, and the first publication took place in 1933.
Having received an excellent education, Kaisyn always withwill remember with gratitude the years spent in GITIS, but by that time he will firmly determine for himself that he is faithful to literature and considers it his main recognition. At the same time, he taught literature and printed in various publications.
In 1940 the debut of Kaisyn Kuliev - a collection of poems "Hello, the beginning of the day". At the very time when Germany declared war on the Soviet Union, the writer was in the Baltics. Defending the Motherland, the poet did not escape the wounds, after which he arrived in Moscow in 1942 at the invitation of A. Fadeyev. Despite the troubled war time, Kaisyn Kuliyev's poems continued to appear in various printed editions of the USSR, and also sounded on the All-Union radio.
In Moscow, the poet had the opportunity to arrangea small creative evening, attended by such famous poets and writers as Konstantin Simonov, Boris Pasternak, Vera Zvyagintseva and many others. Naturally, the creativity of the young talent was appreciated. A year later Kaisyn Kuliev's lyrical collection was included in the list of books claiming to be awarded the Stalin Prize. But in connection with the deportation of 1944, the Prize never found its master.
Military years have caused serious damage to health andthe soul of the author. He saw many deaths, pain, suffering, heavy losses and heroic battles, advancements on the fronts, multiple victories and defeats. At the same time, he worked as a correspondent for the newspaper Son of the Fatherland, and at the same time printed his poems, which rightly earned him the recognition of the public.
Soon he learns the sad news of deportationBalkarians to Central Asia. The question of the future fate of the poet was not standing - he simply could not accept this and therefore went to the aid of his people, realizing all the difficulties that could overtake him there.
He did not stop writing for a minute, striving forcreativity could not prevent any prohibitions of the Kyrgyz authorities. This period was marked by the wide participation of Kaisyn in the literary life of his country, but almost all his poems were written "on the table." This is how the great poet lived for ten long years.
During this time, he not only became addicted toeastern literature, but completely dissolved in it. The influences of this high culture increasingly captivated the mind of the young poet. At the same time, he discovers the great classical works of Russian poets and writers. Later Boris Pasternak wrote about Kaisyn Kuliev that the arrows of the East and the West came together above his head. Also it has appeared the rights. Literature of different times and peoples, strongly influenced the worldview of the poet, literally brought up in him the man who soon wrote his greatest works.
By his teachers, Kaisyn Kuliyevgreat Russian classics - M.Yu. Lermontov, A.S. Pushkin, F. Tyutchev, as well as many European classics, among whom the honorable place is occupied by Lord Byron.
In the mid-fifties on the Moscow literaryfirmament, the new star, Kaisyn Kuliev, whose background was already full of many tragic and joyful events, was growing ever brighter, and the ability to compose lyrical works was not inferior in skill to recognized masters of his craft.
Not long ago he graduated from the higher literary coursesin the capital of the Soviet Union and was already thinking about returning to his homeland, where he was expected to be famous and successful, and his works - the release and grateful fans. Literature goes simultaneously in Balkar and Russian.
As it turned out, and the author, and the poet, and many moreother roles in one person are all Kaisyn Shuvaevich Kuliev. The author's biography for the next several decades gives us an idea of his comprehensive education. After all, he managed to visit both the board member of the Writers 'Union of the USSR, and the chairman for the defense of peace in Kabardino-Balkaria, and the first secretary of the Writers' Union.
Biography of Kaisyn Kuliev briefly tells usabout the heyday of his literary forces. It was during the "thaw" and "stagnation" that this man's creativity was at the peak of popularity, despite the difficult economic situation in the countries of the Union. His new collections (Fire on the Hill, Wounded Stone, Star to Burn, Evening, Ears and Stars) are becoming bestsellers and quickly gain popularity among the literary elite and not only.
Biography of Kaisyn Kuliev can not be brieflyto contain in himself all the virtues of the great poet and fully tell about his life path, which turned out really hard, thorny. Especially the last five years of the life of the great poet were full of suffering because of a serious illness. But he did not let the pen out of his hands and did not lose hope, until the last clung to the threads of life and continued to write furiously to have time to say all that he should. Yes, this is the secret of such a person as Kaisyn Kuliev, whose biography is filled with majestic strength of spirit and courage until the last breath.
From the memoirs of the great man's contemporariesbefore us looms the image of such a poet as he was in a simple life, behind the scenes of creativity, fame and recognition. Friends admitted that his poems truly touch them, touching the innermost strings of the soul, and they can not remain indifferent. Chingiz Aitmatov wrote about Kaisyn that he possessed a phenomenal memory and paid special attention to classical music, believing that it was they who should be praised for inspiration and shaping it as a poet.
The son of Kaisyn Kuliyev is Alim, who dedicated himlittle work, says that the father fully possessed a sense of patience and love. And even now, when he is no longer on earth, he continues to be an example of vital wisdom for them. Two wonderful sons were able to raise for their lives Kaisyn Kuliev. Biography, interesting facts about the father, as well as many other things - all this contained small works of brothers.
The children talked about his father, that he was verya kind person and could always share the last crust of bread with the people around him, while remaining hungry. His friends could always rely on him, no matter what, and the poet himself was only happy to help and be useful in any affairs of everyday life.
Once, according to the son of the poet, he managed to helpone innocent convicted person who was sentenced to death. Kaisyn himself did not expect that his intervention would be able to change anything, but decided to try. What a surprise and joy when he became the main culprit of a good event for this innocent man - he was changed the kind of punishment, and he remained alive. Kaisyn Kuliev for a long time could not come to his senses, rejoicing at it like a baby. Apparently, good is always able to deliver such pleasure.
Yes, this person was Kaisyn Kuliev. His biography is full of other good deeds. However, he, as a modest person, is not used to the whole district to talk about achievements of this kind, so we have the opportunity to learn about his generosity only through the memories of relatives and friends.
The younger generation knows practically nothing aboutsuch a poet as Kaisyn Kuliev. The short biography is not capable of conveying the fullness of the soul of this person, but even from such a handful of facts one can conclude what it was like.