In addition to the members of the sentence,organized connections can include components that do not enter into a syntactic connection with other words. Such, for example, are sentences with appeals. An appeal is a word or a few words that call the person to whom the speech is directed. As a rule, this is a noun in the nominative case, often a proper name (single or with dependent words).
"Did you, Hope, visit that very sensational gallery in Moscow?"
"Our affairs, dear friends, are not the best way!"
As an appeal, other parts of speech performing noun functions (adjectives, participles, numerals, etc.) can act.
"This, dear, does not climb in any way!"
"Hey, you two! Quickly leave this yard! "
A sentence with an appeal may contain it at the beginning, middle or end. The treatment is always marked with commas, and at the end of the sentence, the sign that is most appropriate in meaning is put.
"Anna, feel at home!"; "You, dear ones, obviously do not yet know about the consequences of your deed?"; "Would you like to rest before the road, Gleb Borisovich?"
In order not to confuse the treatment with the subject and to prevent a punctuation error, it must be remembered that:
Despite the external simplicity in design,there are several rules that need to be remembered. Note that the same word can act as different members of the sentence (depending on the context). Appeals are highlighted along with all the dependent words.
"You, my beloved brothers, can now drop all doubts from now on!"
Multiple requests in a row are separated by commas or exclamation marks.
"Anna! My dear, what are you doing here at this late hour? "
Between the appeals, joined by the unions "and" or "yes", a comma is not put.
"How are you, Daria da Marya?"
If the union "and" is repeated for homogeneous appeals, then the first of them is not put a sign.
"Immediately return home after school and Anton, and Maxim!"
The "o" particle inside the sentence with the appeals is notis separated from it by any signs. However, if "o" is an interjection and has the meaning "ah", it is separated from the treatment by a sign (comma or exclamation mark).
"O white nights, how beautiful you are!"
"Oh, Vassily Petrovich, what morals are there today?"
If there are particles "a" or "yes" before the repeated treatment, they do not get rid of it with a comma.
"A cat, a cat!"
Usually the personal pronouns "you" and "you" play the role of the subject, although sometimes they can act as appeals, both in themselves and in the composition of word combinations.
"How did you end up in this forgotten place, brother?"
"Could I at least be a little angry, my dear?"</ em </ p>