The main members of the proposal and the types of proposals

What is morphological analysis? At school, it is often called "parsing by parts of speech," because the goal of this work is to define the morphological form of the words that make up the sentence, their syntactic role.

Make morphological analysis of words in isolationfrom the context it is impossible: they should be considered only in context. Therefore, probably you can often hear the phrase "morphological analysis of the sentence," although the expression is wrong.

The analysis of the proposal can only besyntactical. A complete syntactic analysis of the sentence is an analysis of the units from which the sentence consists: word combinations and words. It is conducted according to a strictly defined scheme. First determine which sentence is for the purpose of the statement. It is not difficult to do this: it is only necessary to understand what this sentence is uttered for. If the answer is to be an interrogative one. In order to force someone to act - the incentive. The remaining sentences will be narrative. Textbooks offer a different, more complex and more academic way of defining this characteristic.

In determining the emotional color(exclamation or non-exclamation), students usually see if an exclamation mark is at the end. This is not the most accurate, but feasible way. The type of emotional coloring is determined by the emotional intensity of the sentence.

To determine whether a sentence is simple or complex, find all its grammatical bases.

The analysis of a simple sentence continues withcharacteristics of its basis. It is the main members of the proposal that determine what it is. If both are present, then we have a two-part proposal, if only one is one-part.

A single-sentence sentence is immediately defineda type. Here it should be remembered that in the case where the main members of the proposal are expressed by only one subject, the proposal is considered to be a name. (Morning, Sky, Silence).

If there is a predicate in the sentence, but notsubject, the form of the sentence is determined by the form of the verb-predicate. If the predicate is represented by the verb 1 or 2 persons, if it is clear in it, from whose person the speech is being spoken, then the offer is definitely personal. (Waiting for you and very much.)

If the main members of the proposal are presentedonly the predicate in the form of the verb 3 of the face of the present or future time, the verb in the past tense (plural), if the action is the first place in the sense in it, then the sentence is considered vaguely personal. (There was a knock at the window).

Sometimes the action referred to incan apply to all subjects at once. Usually this happens in proverbs, stable expressions. These are generalized-personal proposals. (Chickens believe in the fall.) The windows are washed with ammonia. The verb in this case is in the form of 3 persons plural.

Finally, the main terms of a sentence can be represented by a verb that denotes an action that is performed without the participation of the subject. These are impersonal proposals. (In your ears it rings.) It's getting dark.)

Once the type of proposal is determined, it is necessarydetermine whether or not there are secondary members in it, decide whether it is common or not. Usually, when full analysis is required, specify the characteristics of each member of the proposal. At this stage, it is ascertained whether the addition, agreement or not, is indirect or direct, determine the type of circumstances.

After that, indicate whether there is a complication in the sentence and which one (ie, whether there is a treatment, introductory words, whether there are homogeneous terms).

After that, it remains to draw a diagram of the sentence. It is necessary to specify the fundamentals and terms that complicate the proposal.

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