Kozhinov Vadim Valerianovich is a famous Soviet critic and publicist. Do you want to know more about this art critic, his life and work? Read on.
The future critic was born on July 5, 1930 in Moscowin the family of an ordinary employee. His father was an engineer, and his mother was a housewife. Kozhinov Vadim from the very childhood showed his talent. He was fond of literature from an early age. And when Vadim went to school, the teachers immediately realized that the guy has literary abilities. In 1948, Kozhinov Vadim Valerianovich received a secondary education. The young man decided to enter the philological faculty at Moscow State University.
There Kozhinov studied for six years, and inIn 1954 he graduated with honors from the university. After that I entered postgraduate study. The training took place in a cult Russian institution - the Institute of World Literature named after Alexei Maximovich Gorky. Since 1957, Kozhinov Vadim received a position in the department of theory of literature of this institute. And in 1958 the young man defended his thesis.
The family of Kozhinovs lived near the Maiden's Field inwooden house, which was built by Vadim's grandfather. Nevertheless, shortly before the start of the Great Patriotic War, Kozhinov received a personal apartment, which was located near the Donskoy Monastery.
Kozhinov Vadim was twice married. The first marriage he made with Lyudmila Ruskol, who at that time was an ordinary student of Moscow State University. Vadim's mother was against this union, nevertheless, the publicist neglected her advice. And, as it turned out, in vain. After all, the ship of love of Vadim and Lyudmila quickly broke up against the rocks of everyday problems. It is for this reason that the marriage was dissolved. Kozhinov Vadim, despite the failure in his personal life, continued to believe in true love. Soon he met a woman who became his companion. With his second wife, literary critic Elena Yermilova (daughter of the famous literary critic Vladimir Ermilov), Vadim Valerianovich was married more than forty happy years.
In the last years of his life, Vadim Kozhinovrather serious health problems. The publicist repeatedly complained to his friend Leo Anninsky about fading forces. In addition, the negative impact on the health of the critic was influenced by the passion for alcoholic beverages. Thus, in 2001, Kozhinov experienced an exacerbation of peptic ulcer. As a result, the literary critic died, according to the medical diagnosis, from acute gastric bleeding.
Kozhinov Vadim Valerianovich was buried inVvedensky cemetery. In addition to relatives and close friends, a significant part of the Abkhazian Moscow diaspora, with whom Kozhinov maintained friendly relations, was present at parting.
Kozhinov Vadim had a huge influence onthen literature. During his long career, the publicist grew in touch with various writers, publishers, critics, literary critics and other intellectual elite. That is, Vadim Kozhinov had a significant weight in Soviet literature. For example, he could easily organize any book edition without any problems.
Kozhinov actively used his connections,finding and promoting young talents in great literature. For example, Vadim Valerianovich had a huge influence on the career and creative path of writer Ekaterina Markova. In addition, Kozhinov became one of the founders of the publishing house called "Algorithm", which produces books on historical and social topics. It was founded in the distant 1996 and exists to this day.
We can say that Kozhinov Vadim left a hugea trace in the Russian art. This publicist took an active part in the literary process, helped young talents, etc. In addition, Kozhinov's scientific robots are worthy of attention, and to this day they are considered the poet's Bible. You can read about them below.
For his life Kozhinov wrote more than 30 books. All of them were devoted to the theory of literature and the modern literary process in Russia. One of the most popular works of Kozhinov is a book entitled "How to Write Poems, On the Laws of Poetic Art." Thanks to her, the author gained popularity and a good reputation in literary circles. In the book "How to write poetry ..." he talks about the basics of poetry. Kozhinov literally examines lyrical works under a microscope, highlighting and explaining the main points that every poet should pay attention to. Nevertheless, this work is not a guide or a textbook. The book conducts a dialogue with the reader about poetry and tells not about how to write, but about how to feel poetry.
Kozhinov Vadim published scientific workshistorical character. The greatest resonance in the academic community was produced by articles on Black Hundredness, the repression of 1937 and the role of Jewish communities in the history of the USSR. These publications have caused a number of critical responses.