Who has ever encountered the sewing of a bedlinen alone, knows that this is, firstly, easy, and secondly, it is much more profitable than buying, thirdly, it will exactly satisfy your taste according to the color scheme. The main thing is to know some technological features of the fabric itself, from which sewing is planned, to be able to remove the correct measures taking into account the shrinkage and seams and strictly follow the following instructions. So, about all this in more detail plus the cutting of bed linen - a scheme with a width of 220 centimeters (double set).
From what to sew bed linen? Today, the choice of materials is so huge that it is not surprising your difficulty in choosing. But this is a very important moment, because it depends not only on the service life of the bed, but most importantly - your healthy comfortable sleep. Let's figure it out.
The main requirements for materials are:
Now let us dwell in more detail on the very kind of fabric. Most often, cotton fabrics are used for bed linen - calico, poplin, satin. They are soft and pleasant to the touch, environmentally safe, with a high threshold of hygroscopicity, which means that they pass moisture and air well, so the body breathes in them. Plus, they wear out for 3-4 years of regular use. Chintz is best not to choose, it is thin for bed linen and is more often used for baby diapers.
Flax in pure form is rarely used whenthe production of kits due to its natural hardness. However, according to the characteristics, it is perfectly suitable for bed linen, because of the excellent thermoregulation. In hot weather, it is cool to sleep, and the fabric quickly evaporates excess moisture, not wetting while the body breathes. And in winter, flax warms well and quickly. The way out is to use a linen cloth with an admixture of cotton, in the proportion of 50/50 or 60/40, such a sleeping set will be soft as cotton, and have the same properties as pure linen. Of course, such a fabric will cost more than satin or coarse calico.
Another popular materialit becomes mako-satin, it is very soft and wear-resistant, and Egyptian cotton is added to its composition. Here is a very rich variety of colors. Such material is suitable for the manufacture of elite kits.
Also popular is underwear made of bamboo with an admixturecotton 60/40. Such linen turns out very soft, breathing, antibacterial, well taking away moisture. The only nuance is a small variety of shades. Suitable for those who prefer underwear, a calm natural palette.
Slightly used silk. But he is fastidious enough in tailoring, that's why he will do it only for experienced craftsmen.
The cutting of bed linen with a width of 220 consists of 2 or 4 pillow cases, 1 sheet and 1 quilt cover and has the following standard sizes:
This is the euro standard, and in some sources it is possiblefind differences with these dimensions, plus minus 10-20 cm. There are also family kits consisting of 2 duvet covers, 2 or 4 pillow cases and 1 sheet. The classic double version does not provide a width of 220 cm.
We will discuss in detail the cutting of bed linen - a scheme with a width of 220 (euro).
Calculate the consumption of cloth with a width of the cloth of 220 cm.
The length of the sheet = 240 cm + 5 cm (per sub-branch) = 245 cm.
The length of the duvet cover = 240 cm x 2 sides + 5 cm at the seams and the branch = 485 cm.
Counting pillow cases, 2 pieces (let's take the Europeanstandard 50x70). At the width of the canvas 220 cm just fit 4 times 50 cm + 5 cm x 2 on the allowances, this is the length of our pillows. Then we measure their width downwards - this is 70 cm x 2 + 5 cm x 2 for allowances + 20 cm at the approach of the fabric. As a result, you should get a piece of cloth size 210x170, which we will divide in half.
Total cutting of bed linen (scheme) atwidth 220 will require 245 cm + 485 cm + 170 cm length, total 900 cm. Plus you need a zipper, buttons or buttons for a blanket. Be sure to use strong strong quality thread.
Attention, before the tailoring process, the purchased fabric must be washed, dried and ironed, so that it "settles" a little, otherwise you risk getting disproportionate laundry.
Now proceed directly to sewing, the scheme for cutting bed linen with a width of 220 is shown below.
Since the fabric we have a width of 220 cm, the widththe sheets are already ready, but if desired, you can put it aside and sew on the centimeter from the edges, for a better aesthetic appearance. Now we will deal with the length - we measure 240 cm wide + 5 cm on the allowances. First, the edges with open cuts are processed with an overlock or zigzag seam. Then we bend them from two sides to 2 cm, ironed to make it easier to sew, and a few millimeters from the edge we make a decorative stitch. So it looks like cutting the bed linen (width 220) - a scheme for the sheet. Agree, nothing complicated.
Much more difficult is another option.
If you want to make a sheet on an elastic band, then the layout of the bedding with a width of 220 will look like this:
We mark the length of the sheet 210 cm and the height of 18 cmfrom each side. Next, you need to sew the height in the shape of the box, which will be put on the mattress. To do this, we trim the height of excess material, leaving only 210 cm wide + 1.5 cm on each side to the seam. Sew edges with a double seam. We get a box for the mattress.
Now you need to step back from each edge of eachsides of 20 cm and make a serif. Next, take 4 rubber bands 60 cm wide and sew on the edges to these serifs. Then we close the gum with a cloth and pierce it into the hem so as not to touch the gum. The sheet is ready!
Then follows the cutting of bed linen - the schemewith a width of 220 for a blanket cover. The fabric we measured for a blanket cover (240 cm x 2 + 5 cm for allowances, total 480 cm), we fold exactly in half and sew two sides with a double seam. We leave one for packing blankets. It is best to take the smaller side and process the open or closed cut with a seam in the hem.
To close this side, you can uselocks, buttons, buttons, which is convenient for you. This is the European standard cutting of bed linen (scheme at a width of 220). A family kit requires two quilt cover sizes usually 160x220 cm, respectively, in this case, and the yardage, and the layout will look different.
The pillow needs a piece 210x150 divided in half (ie 2 times 105 x 75 cm).
The scheme of cutting bed linen (width 220) for pillows 50x70 is as follows. Width 70 cm + 70 cm + 5 cm (for allowance) + 20 cm (at the approach), length 50 cm +50 cm + 5 cm for the allowance.
We retreat on the long side 2 cm, we sewdecorative stitch, then retreat 70 cm, bend, stitch side by side with a double seam from the wrong side. Then again we make a bend of 20 cm and just treat the edges from all sides. The result was a pillowcase with a bend.
After the bed linen is sewn, it must be washed again in soapy water and ironed on both sides.
As you can see, sewing bed linenalone is not a very complicated process. This is advantageous, convenient, inexpensive and will suit any hostess who has a car at home with an overlay or a "zigzag" line. The main thing is to correctly perform all measurements, stock up on quality materials and patience, and follow the diagrams of this article.