For today, none of the modern classificationstypes of corporate enterprises is not complete, because it does not accurately describe the essence of the integrated structure. And this is extremely necessary, since it allows not only to clearly identify the place of the company in economic activities, but also to perform qualitatively, many functions, for example, economic analysis of the economic activities of the enterprise.
A classical integrated structure can bedefine as an autonomously functioning business entity, whose structure includes the central element and the enterprises interacting with it, in relation to which, it exercises management functions.
At present, a number of classical formsassociations: a financial and industrial group, a concern, a holding company, which correspond to some of the above types, for example, conduct a comprehensive economic analysis of economic activities and carry out general management, but they do not have conformity in the national economy.
Based on the analysis of a number of sources,specify general criteria for use in this classification. The basis for classifying different types of classical integrated structures is the combination of such characteristics as:
- symmetric configuration of the combination of elements of an enterprise;
- degree of economic autonomy of structural elements of the corporation.
Comprehensive economic analysis of economic activity shows that on the basis of this characteristic three groups of associations are distinguished:
1) associations, units in which are fullyare autonomous in their economic activities, the construction of such companies, as a rule, is symmetrical, that is, practically all the members of the association have similar configurations of structure and principles of functioning;
2) associations in which the limited autonomy of participants is preserved while maintaining independence in management. The configuration of such a union is also symmetric.
3) association, where some functions, for example,complex economic analysis of economic activity, are transferred from one unit to another, with the loss of economic autonomy.
Nevertheless, none of the listed classifications is complete, because it does not accurately describe the essence of the integrated structure.
One of the main goals of transformationenterprise, which should include both the integration and consolidation of capital, is a development that, like the growth of the company, can be carried out in two ways: by organic growth and by external stimulation of growth through sources from outside. Organic growth is chosen by virtually all companies at the initial stages of the life cycle, but its limits do not allow preserving the pace of development necessary for survival in the competitive struggle. In this case, companies begin to grow by acquiring or acquiring other companies, as well as by mergers and the formation of alliances of structures.
Thus, the key factors thataffect the classification of corporate structures, are the type of transformation and the degree of integration of capital. In connection with this, it seems possible to name the complex economic analysis of economic activity as a criterion for such a classification. This will allow us to consider enterprises not as formal legal entities, but as a real aggregate of economic resources. Then, as a criterion underlying the classification, one can consider the degree of integration of the enterprise's economic resources into a joint business group and the stability of the formed structure expressed in terms of its existence. And you can ignore the fact that the company retains or lost its legal independence.