Instrumental survey of structures, as well asbuilding structures is made in case of need to obtain the most accurate objective data on the reliability of individual load-bearing elements. Along with this, methods of instrumental survey can be used in the order of preventive planned assessment of the condition of structures.
Instrumental survey of buildings most oftenIt is performed when there is a need to assess the technical condition of the building or its individual parts for further reconstruction or major repairs. The goal of such activities may be the need for general monitoring of the condition of the structure with visual fixation of deformation or damage to individual structures.
The reason for the performance of instrumentalInspections are sometimes the need to assess buildings that are in an emergency, dilapidated or limited working condition. This, in turn, provides an opportunity to formulate ideas about a set of measures that allows to extend the service life of structures.
Instrumental survey of structures assumes:
At the end of the above eventsthe defects found during the research are fixed. The plans and pictures are included in the technical conclusion. According to the detected damages and defects, a special sheet is compiled. As a result, on the basis of the technical condition sheet of the structure, a final conclusion is formed.
To assess the condition of structures, several instrumental methods can be used:
Assess the condition of buildings and structuresshould be exclusively prepared by the personnel of specialized organizations that have sufficient material and technical resources to perform such work.
The first instrumental survey is carried out after two years after the facility is put into operation. Further surveys of this nature can be carried out about once per decade.
The obtained results must necessarily include a whole complex of objective data sufficient for making a decision about the subsequent operation of the facility.
The technical conclusion is the most importantan effective element of instrumental research. It should contain a brief description of the surveyed object, the results of the evaluation of structures, defective lists with a list of identified deviations and damages.
Instrumental examination suggeststhe creation of a technical report, which includes all the results of studies of samples in the laboratory, the assessment of the bearing capacity of individual structures, foundations, and soils.
Data from the technical conclusion allowinitiator of the instrumental survey to select the optimal modes of safe operation of the facility. Based on the conclusion, you can create a work plan, the implementation of which will prevent the emergence of emergencies, disasters, collapse.