Berry crops are popular amonggardeners. At each dacha site their presence is necessarily found. It is clear the desire of each gardener to receive annually abundant high-quality harvests of tasty and useful berries of currants and gooseberries. Like any culture, they have a lot of dangerous pests and diseases that can negate all efforts. Many of them hibernate on the branches of bushes or in the soil around the plant. In order to cope with the colonies of wintering pests and infections, timely preventive measures are needed, which begin to perform when the snow is still in the garden.
Before processing currants and gooseberriesearly in the spring, it is necessary to know the characteristic signs of pests and the place of their wintering. These berry crops, close in biology, are affected by the same diseases and pests.
As soon as snow starts to melt in the garden,the time of protective measures of berry bushes. How to treat gooseberries in early spring? This question has arisen more than once for beginning gardeners. A good and reliable method that can save many pests is the treatment of currants and gooseberries with hot water. For this, boiling water is poured into the watering can. The resulting solution is poured on branches of the bush, as well as the soil cover around it. As a result of this "bathing" the pests present will perish, and the plant itself will not suffer.
At what stage of development of the plant and whatto process gooseberries in early spring, is determined by the peculiarities of pest biology. Its presence can be identified by the appearance of the plant. Shoots damaged by a pest look like burned or frozen. Currant kidney moth is an insect that can completely destroy the crop. Caterpillars damage the buds of the plant. Each can damage from three to seven pieces. At the beginning of flowering caterpillars pupate, located in the soil cover under the bush.
To prevent moths from multiplying, fighting withit starts early in the spring. The complex of measures will be effective only before bud blossoming and flowering of the plant. Before processing gooseberries, early in spring cut out all damaged and dry shoots and hemp. At the base of the bush, the plant remains are removed, which, together with the cut off branches, are burned.
In the flowering period, after the appearance of butterflieskidney moth, the second stage of the pest control begins. This is spraying with a 1% solution of "Aktar". Gardeners who try not to use chemical preparations, for infestation with kidney moth apply infusions of plants: tomato tops, celandine, mustard and tansy.
A gluttonous yellow caterpillar feeds on foliage. It is able to completely bare bush of gooseberries and currants. Winter is wrecked by fallen leaves. To destroy it, you can use the method of irrigation of the soil cover with boiling water. Vegetable remains, which are under the bushes, clean and burn. In addition, it is advisable to use special drugs. How to treat currants and gooseberries in early spring? Initially, spraying is performed before budding. To do this, use "Carbofos" or infusions of wormwood and tobacco. If these events are not carried out in the early spring, during the summer period the caterpillars turn into yellow-and-white butterflies with black dots on the wings.
Allocate different types of pests. It is yellow and pale-legged sawflies. They are distinguished by body shape and color. The yellow sawfly is an insect of a reddish-sand color. Its caterpillar is bluish-green in color. Pale-legged sawfly is an insect of black color. The caterpillar of this species reaches 10 mm in length and has a green color. These pests destroy the bush foliage. They hibernate in the soil cover, under bushes, at a depth of not less than five centimeters. Before processing gooseberries in early spring from pests, it is necessary to dig up the soil in the places of its wintering. For spraying, solutions of special agents intended for plant protection are used.
The use of microbiologicalof the drug "Lepidocide". The solution is prepared at the rate of thirty grams per ten liters of water. Also used bacterial biopreparation "Bitoksibatsillin", which is recommended in any phase of development of the bush. The solution is prepared at the rate of one hundred grams per ten liters of water. In the absence of special tools, the treatment can be carried out with infusions of herbs: wormwood, makhorka or tobacco, garlic.
It damages the ripening berries. Pupae hibernate in the soil cover around the currant bushes and gooseberries. In the spring period, from them appear butterflies, which make the masonry during flowering. The newly born green caterpillars will appear in a week.
A lot of damage is caused by gooseberry diseases. And caring for a bush, providing for timely preventive measures, can save plants.
One of the main diseases of berry crops is powdery mildew, the causative agent of which is the fungus.
A whole range of measures is required for protection. First of all, in the autumn and spring periods, the affected shoots are removed. The source of infection can be plant residues, which are collected and burned. It is mandatory to carry out spraying with special preparations. For this, a fungicide of the complex action "Nitrofen" is used. The solution is prepared at the rate of one hundred grams per ten liters of water. In addition to this drug, iron sulfate can be used. A solution for spraying is prepared at the rate of fifty grams per ten liters of water. Protective measures are performed before budding.
Disease affecting leaves, branches and berriescurrants and gooseberries, leads to a loss of harvest not only this year, but also the next. Its causative agent is the fungus. The disease manifests itself in the form of brown spots.
In addition to mechanical measures,To make use of chemical preparations in different terms. What to spray gooseberries in the spring? Before the beginning of the vegetative period, solutions of the following preparations are used:
During the summer period, treatments with Bordeaux liquid are carried out. Spray not only the plants, but also the soil around the bush.