Anemones, or anemones, refer to decorativeplants. In nature, grows over 150 species of this culture. Anemones for several centuries are valued for early flowering, during which they look spectacular. These flowers of white, pink, blue, purple and yellow tones are similar in shape to poppies or chamomiles. Anemones are flowers of beauty, tenderness and inspiration.
The birthplace of these flowers is the Mediterranean. As early as the 16th century some anemone varieties were known to gardeners. Currently, they are common in Europe, East Asia, America and Russia. In nature, anemones grow in broad-leaved forests, on slopes, lawns and fringes.
These flowers have long won the sympathy of connoisseursall beautiful. Anemone's beauty is admirable. Its single flowers with a diameter of 3-8 cm with a variety of colors are simple, terry and semi-double. Stem anemones erect, in height 50-80 cm, there are few leaves on it. All of them are collected in the form of a rosette outlet at the base of the flower, which looks very impressive.
Anemone flowers, photos of which are presented in the articlefor a survey, bloom twice: late April - early May and August to October. They start to blossom when there are no leaves on the trees yet. These plants are highly decorative, which allows them to be used in arrays and plantations in groups. Well look anemones in pots, flower pots and vases, complementing the interior of any home.
Requirements for the conditions of growth of these colorsdifferent species - different. But there are universal conditions that are suitable for all varieties of anemones. Flowers, planted in a fertile, loose, well-drained soil, will feel excellent. To create an ideal soil structure, you need to add sand to it or make a drainage. Loose materials loosen the ground, provide access to water and air to the roots. As a drain, you can use small stones or brick fragments.
Very responsive to the right choice of flower patchanemone. Planting and maintenance are carried out taking into account the composition of the soil. If it is acidic, wood ash or dolomite flour should be added. The plot, depending on the type of anemone, should be chosen shaded or well lit by the sun, sheltered from strong winds and drafts.
Before you start growing these beautifulplants in your garden, you need to find out what prefers an anemone flower. Planting and care are carried out in the shade of tree crowns. These flowers like moderate warmth and moist fertile soil. Anemones - perennial plants, in the natural environment of growth, no one digs them with the onset of the winter season. Do not do this in the garden. But to cover the anemones for the winter must be sure that they do not die from frost and lack of moisture.
For faster germination before plantingIt is necessary to soak the tubers in warm water and allow them to swell. Next, you need to excavate a pit, lay the bottom with a nutrient mixture with the addition of humus and ash. Approximately half a cup. Donets down lay the tubers in it and sprinkle with earth so that they do not turn over. The depth of planting should not exceed 5-10 cm. Then the flower is well watered. Then mulch the soil. This will preserve moisture and prevent the growth of weeds.
Anemones multiply differently. When planted and in what way, the flowers will "prompt" themselves. It depends on their kind. With seed multiplication, seeds can be sown immediately after harvest or in winter. At germination temperature of 15-18 degrees shoots will appear in a month or a little later.
Seeds need to be sown not at all, but at a distance,to obtain sparse shoots at once. Since the seedlings can not be transplanted and dived. If absolutely necessary, it can be done only in a shaded room. Of course, it is necessary to dilute the anemones when planting them was decided by a continuous sowing. After 2-3 years, the flowers will bloom.
Reproduction by the division of rhizomes is best done in the spring, when the movement of the juice is slowed down. They need to be cut so that the buds of renewal are on each piece.
When breeding tubers requires preparationan anemone flower. Planting and care must be carried out in accordance with the rules for their conduct. Tubers need to be lowered into warm water for swelling. Increased in size, they will take root better. Planting them is recommended to a depth of 3-7 cm. Regular watering is mandatory. It is better to immediately determine the place of permanent growth of anemone. This is especially important for varieties with tuberous root system. These flowers do not like transplanting.
If an anemone flower grows in your garden, plantingand care involves a number of activities. Firstly, it's regular watering. In addition, every week, you need to make a fertilizer with a one-percent solution of complex fertilizer. The plant needs constant airing, but not draft.
Before the onset of cold weather,close the frames and warm it well. Such conditions are best suited for wintering anemone, and they bloom early. With the onset of warm days you need to open the greenhouses and carefully ventilate the plants, feed them and moisten the soil.
Some gardeners contain anemones in boxes,which are put into hothouses for wintering. This makes it possible to periodically take them out to the greenhouse, where they spend the winter cut. If the tubers of anemones are planted in boxes and put in a greenhouse in August, and placed in the greenhouse in early October, they will blossom by the middle of December.
Anemone flowers, photos of which you see,hygrophilous. Therefore, they should be watered not only during flowering, but also at rest. However, grown plants do not need watering. Anemones are fertilized during planting and during flowering. To do this, use complex mineral fertilizers, humus, ash.
Sometimes the plant leaves are damaged by slugs andsnails. With this phenomenon it is necessary to fight. Damaged leaves will not add beauty to the anemone. To combat pests, they use metaldehyde, it is dissolved in water and the whole plant is sprayed. Snails and slugs should be collected by hand and burned.
Tubers left for storage needperiodically check. If there are rotten ones, immediately remove them. In general, anemones are not very susceptible to diseases and damage by pests. Therefore, they do not need special care.