Right after the Great Patriotic War,it is clear that the country needs a huge amount of electricity to restore its potential. Especially it concerned Siberia, where in the 41-42 years of the last century hundreds of factories and enterprises were evacuated.
August 8, 1959 in the mainstream of the greatest Siberian riverthe granite slab was dropped, on which the motto of the monumental building that had begun was carved: "Submit, Yenisei!". Throughout the world, such a daring challenge to the might of nature was perceived with considerable skepticism. Europe has forgotten with what blatant contempt that was then looked at Lenin, who announced a global five-year program for the electrification of a huge country. Ilyich kept his promise, but this did not stop a whole stream of ridicule.
"It is impossible to block the largestriver, as this is the stupid fantasies of the Soviets, "wrote foreign publications. Soon they were convinced that they had made a mistake this time too. The very construction of the Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric power station was an excellent refutation of this, serving as a symbol of another man's victory over the forces of nature.
In a word, the construction of the century (which already counted) wasnot only in the Union. In Krasnoyarsk, which at that time was a closed city, on this occasion even allowed foreign journalists. On March 25, 1963, the overlapping of the riverbed began. At 10 o'clock in the morning the first element of the ceiling was dropped, and already at 21.00 the Yenisei was completely blocked.
In the beginning of November (!) In 1955, the first 200 people arrived. No roads, no shelter ... Young people lived in tents for the first time. And this - in the hardest conditions of the Siberian winter! Veterans of labor told that in the mornings it was necessary literally to tear off sleeping bags from thoroughly frozen ground. The construction was very slow and difficult: there were severe frosts, and there was practically no heavy equipment.
Soon 140 more people from Ivanovoregion. All of them heard the appeal of the Twentieth Congress of the CPSU Central Committee. However, young people from all over the vast Union soon began to respond to him. Someone wrote to the leadership of the Party about the desire to go to Siberia, but many came without invitation. Already in 1962 the building received the title of Komsomol.
It was young people who became the main "engine"a giant project. However, their mentors were experienced engineers and former soldiers of engineering and construction troops. Many young builders lost all their loved ones in the war, and so the building was truly family-friendly: young people sincerely tried to learn from veterans. It turned out so successfully that the Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric power station was completed by yesterday's "green" guys, many of whom were not even 25 years old.
For four years it took onlycarrying out preparatory work: the entire necessary social infrastructure was built from scratch, the workers laid roads and stretched power lines. In addition, a woodworking plant was built and soon earned full force, providing construction with many necessary materials.
Only after the construction of normal settlements could all the forces be transferred to the construction of the hydroelectric station itself.
In 1960 the head of the whole enterprise was AndreyBochkin. He was a real demiurge of the Irkutsk hydropower plant, so the experience of coordinating several construction sites with this amazing man was enormous. It was he who was looking for engineers who created the ship's elevator of the Krasnoyarsk Hydroelectric Power Station: the Yenisei River is navigable, and therefore the project was complicated even by today's standards.
In the "legacy" of the cosmonaut number 1 remained a shovel. It, as the greatest shrine, was transferred from the leader to the leader. This legendary instrument is still kept in the museum of Divnogorsk.
However, at the stage of its constructionKrasnoyarsk hydropower station saw practically all the first persons of the state. And in this there is nothing surprising, since in the depths of the Siberian wilderness a truly titanic project was realized. Already in 1970, the first generator of the station, which immediately gave out the first electricity, was operating. Thus, Krasnoyarsk HPP was officially recognized as the most powerful in the world.
Only the Sayano-Shushenskaya station was able to beat thisrecord. Can you guess who built it? Yes, in 1972, when the 12th block was commissioned, almost all participants of the great construction site went to the Sayan Mountains. That's when the Krasnoyarsk hydropower station was built.
Immediately after putting this facility into operationthe region has blossomed again. Depopulated villages after the war (not all, unfortunately) again began to be populated by people, there was a huge number of new industrial enterprises. In general, when the Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric power station was built, Siberia has become a symbol of industrialization before an agrarian country.
By the way, even today this power plant is included in the numberthe most powerful not only in the country, but all over the world. More than half of the people who work here have higher technical education and many academic degrees. Of course, they constantly advocate the introduction of new technologies for production.
Of course, the largest HPP of the Krasnoyarsk Territorycould not always remain in pristine condition. But even in the hardest of 1991, still managed to allocate funds for its reconstruction. At present, the parts in all 12 power units have been completely repaired and replaced, and the service life of the station has been prolonged for at least 40 years.