The style of leadership is a set of methodsThe impact of a person occupying a leadership position on his subordinates. The style that the leader adheres to is the most important factor that influences the efficiency of the company's work, the realization of the team's capabilities and, in general, the success of the organization. The most popular classification of leadership styles divides them into directive (authoritarian), democratic (collegial) and liberal (anarchic). Let's try to figure out what the difference is, and which style is better.
So, authoritarian or directive stylemanagement is distinguished by increased centralization of management. This is dominated by one-man management. The authoritarian leader believes that all cases should be reported only to him, he himself solves all issues or abolishes the decisions made by his subordinates. He rarely listens to the opinions of his staff, and takes all decisions for the whole team himself. Other styles of leadership differ from this style precisely by the absence of orders, punishments, remarks, reprimands, deprivation of any benefits. The authoritarian chief uses exclusively the above methods. He very strictly and in detail controls the work, and puts the interests of the case above the interests of subordinates. Communicates sharply and roughly. Such communication with employees, as a rule, badly affects the mood and moral and psychological microclimate. As a result, the initiative and responsibility of subordinates are reduced.
Collegial or democratic style management is more common than others. Its main features are the distribution of powers, responsibilities and initiatives between the leader, his deputy and his subordinates. The leader-democrat is usually interested in the opinion of the collective, especially those dealing with production issues. Such a chief in a timely manner informs employees on all important issues. As a rule, communication takes place in the form of wishes, requests and advice. In the case of a successful and high-quality performance of work, such a leader will encourage quality and efficiency. Orders are only applied when necessary. A person who pushes other styles of management to the background and manages democratically, stimulates a positive climate in the team and only contributes to the success and prosperity of the firm.
The main feature of the liberal oranarchic style - the lack of active participation of the chief in the management team. Such a person usually falls under the influence of his subordinates, preferring quiet activity. He seldom risks, more often escaping from the resolution of conflicts and problematic issues. Constantly thinking about how to reduce his personal responsibility. The liberal leader rarely controls subordinates. Leaders who choose such styles of leadership are very often met and revered in creative teams with distinct and independent employees.
Many believe that the preferred styleleadership depends on gender, but this is not entirely true. Researchers have proved that the main factors influencing the styles of leadership are personal characteristics of a person, temperament and mood. Proof of this is the fact that successful managers are not adherents of any one style. Usually they intuitively combine different management strategies.
Characteristics of the styles of leadership outlinedabove, proves that each strategy is good in its own way. The main thing is to apply it in the appropriate situation and in a certain team, because there are a lot of factors affecting the employees and the relationship between them.