The offeror is the initiator of the transaction

The provider is the person who initiates the procedureconclusion of the transaction. An individual or a legal entity can act as an offeror. For example, at the level of civil relations, the tenderer may be a seller or a plumber who offers repair services.

offerer is

Objectives and general concepts

The main goal of the offeror is not only to initiate an opinion, but to conclude a deal.

An acceptor is a person who has accepted a proposal to enter into a contract and all of its terms.

The offer, as a rule, has a written form and contains the main terms of the forthcoming transaction. A vivid example is the usual invoice for payment, which contains:

  • goods that are planned to be purchased by the acceptor;
  • quantity of goods;
  • price;
  • term of payment.

The invoice may even contain information about the packaging or packaging, the conditions for payment, for example, 50% of the advance payment.

Historical reference

Offer, or offero, translated from Latin -sentence. The proposal itself must contain the conditions that will allow the conclusion of the transaction. Accordingly, the meaning of the word "offerer" is the person proposing the proposal.

word meaner

Distinctive features of the offer and its concept

The terms "offerer" and "offer" are inextricably linked. The offer should be specific and fully reflect the willingness of the offeror that it is prepared to enter into a transaction on certain terms, as well as:

  • If the offer is withdrawn at the time of its submission, then it is considered not accepted;
  • until the acceptance in the agreed time period, the offer can not be withdrawn, unless the document itself contains other conditions;
  • Acceptance on other terms than provided by the offer is considered a refusal and acceptance of another offer.

Timing

In the offer there should usually be a time limit,for example, to which date the offer is valid or in what time period it is necessary to pay in order to accept the transaction. If there are no violations of the deadlines, which the offerer has stipulated (the meaning of the word we considered), the contract is concluded, and the offer is considered accepted.

In cases when the term is not stipulated, it all depends on the form of the offer. If the offer is oral, then the acceptor must express his consent or disagreement at the same time.

If the offer is written, but does not contain in itselfterms for its acceptance, it is necessary to take into account the generally accepted time limit for sending and refunding, the time for consideration of the proposal. If during this period the offeror decides to withdraw his offer, the acceptor, having accepted it, but did not notify the first one about it, has the right to demand compensation for the losses incurred.

The answer to the offer may come late, and ifat that moment the offeror changed his mind or revised the terms of the offer, he has the right to inform the acceptor that the offer has expired and on the previous terms the contract can not be concluded. If the acceptor does not react in any way, then this is regarded as a refusal.

offerer meaning

Types of offer

There are the following types of offer:

  • Public offer.
  • Solid, that is, transferred to a specific partner, which undertakes to accept it at a certain point in time, after which the transaction will be considered concluded.
  • Free, offers an offer forconcluding a contract to several partners. Such a document does not presuppose an obligatory acceptance and does not require any answer from the acceptor. In fact, such a document is only an invitation to negotiations.
  • Irrevocable. In this case, the offeror means a person who does not have the right to withdraw his offer. As a rule, this type of offer is used in the banking sector.

Public offer

It is assumed that the transaction can be concluded byexchange of documents. For example, an offeror is a person who has transferred a commercial offer to an acceptor. The offer stipulates all the conditions, from the cost and quantity to the terms of delivery. In this case, it is not necessary to sign the contract, it is possible that an additional invoice will be issued. This form of relationships is most often found in online stores. For example, the buyer independently on a site of the seller makes out the order, pays it and receives the goods. This is a public offer, that is, a proposal through the media.

Bank guarantee

The offeror is the person who wishes to concludetransaction, but in some cases it requires a bank guarantee. In this case, the guarantee of the offer will be a bank guarantee, which is intended to confirm the inviolability of the intentions of the offeror. The guarantee is provided along with the offer in order to:

  • guarantee that the offer will not be withdrawn before its end;
  • the purchase order or work order was unambiguously accepted, after that the offer was accepted.

A bank guarantee is normally required when conducting tenders, and its validity period is limited to the moment when the contract is concluded.

offerer means

Example of writing an offer

Company Form

Offer for delivery of goods

The addressee, his position and the details of the legal entity

Ex. №, date

About the delivery of products

Thank you for your request and let us know what we can offer ... product ...:

- quantity;

- cost;

- delivery conditions;

- terms.

Our offer is valid until ... (date).

Yours faithfully,

Director of JSC "Offerer" signature Full name with decoding.

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