Russia is a country in whichalmost all the natural landscapes that are found on the planet Earth are represented. This diversity creates favorable conditions for the development of various areas of agriculture, including for sheep. After all, these animals are not very demanding on the quality of pastures, they are suitable for arid steppes and semi-deserts. Therefore, sheep breeding in Russia is a rather highly developed and efficient branch of animal husbandry. Thanks to the breeding of these animals, people get meat, cheese, wool, milk, lambskins and sheepskin.
To increase profits, it is very important to have a healthyprolific and fast-growing livestock. This can only be achieved through targeted breeding work. Sheep breeding in Russia is divided into several directions - coarse-wooled, half-grubby, fine-fleece and semi-fine. A coarse-wooled, in turn, is divided into luscious, coats, flesh-and-meat, meat-and-milk, and meat-and-meat.
The emphasis on this or that variety is made independing on natural conditions. For example, in the steppes and semi-steppes, fine-flew rocks predominate. Wet and soft climatic conditions are suitable for fine-wool and meat-wool breeds. Cold and mountainous areas provide more favorable conditions for meat and dairy and meat-flesh coarse-wool breeds. Lapidus sheep breeding in Russia is concentrated in desert and semi-desert regions.
Total in the Central Black Earth Region, SouthThe federal district, the Volga region, the Northern Caucasus and in the southern regions of the Urals, more than sixty breeds have been selected. Sheep farming as a business can fully develop and bring maximum profit in the presence and close interaction amongst themselves of breeding plants, reproductive farms, farms, stations for breeding work and insemination (including artificial). In the breeding plants, special highly productive sheep breeds are bred, which are then fed to reproductive farms, where they select the species lines and types of sheep, and cultivate high-quality young animals, which are further sold to farms to replenish the herd or further cultivation.
In some regions it happens that onlythe cultivation of these animals can become the main and sometimes the only type of agricultural use of local pastures, hayfields and fallow lands. In addition, sheep breeding in Russia increases the employment of citizens and improves their well-being. Also important is the ecological component, because their growing helps to preserve natural land resources, to normalize their condition through the implementation of the biological cycle of substances, replacing the wild herbivores, almost completely destroyed because of the predatory attitude of the state to natural resources.
Particular mention should be made of such a breed assheepskin sheep. These are semi-coarse-grained or coarse-wool animals of the meat type, which have fat deposits in the sacrum area, the so-called Kurdyuk. They are adapted to life in desert and semi-desert regions, unpretentious and can use poor pastures, and withstand long-term transitions. The weight of rams reaches 180 kg, and the queens, in some cases, up to 130 kg.
Average indicators are for rams - up to120 kilograms, for the queens - 75 kilograms. Kurdyuk weighs up to 7 kg, and the record holders for this indicator - sheep breeds gissar, its mass reaches 30 kilograms. Udoyny output - up to 56%, after feeding the largest - 60%. Nastrig reaches an average of 2.2 kilograms of non-uniform wool, which can be used in the manufacture of felted shoes, carpets and coarse cloth.